The Inca Pachacuti was the founder of the Inca Empire and probably built the citadel as a religious center to worship gods such as the Sun God and also as an observatory to observe the sun's solstice dawn. The site also includes an agricultural zone. These slopes did not just harvest crops but also assisted in defending the area against intruders. Machu Picchu is located so any military strike would be extremely difficult to accomplish.

The Inca Trail was built by the Incas to make the journey to Machu Picchu more convenient. Along the route, there are stunning panoramic views over the Andes as well as of the Urubamba River below, a diverse wildlife population, as well as numerous Inca, ruin sites. If you were planning to go to Cusco for vacation, you can also book Inca Trail tours  for a day.

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It is now essential to reserve a tour of hiking the Inca Trail with an official travel company that provides the official guide. There is an upper limit of 500 persons each day who can take a hike on the trail, therefore it is recommended to make reservations in advance. In some cases, you will find that the Inca Trail is booked for the entire year.

The tour operator will pick you up from the hotel and drive you to the station for the train. Stopping in the two-day or the 4-Day Inca Trail mark, whichever you've chosen to sign for. The two Inca Trail hikes are very similar. The 4-day trek is longer to complete, but you also get the chance to view more of the ruins and stunning scenery.